The Union Jack Becomes the Flag of Great Britain
ABOVE: The First union Jack
ABOVE: Current Union Jack
On this day in 1606, Great Britain adopted the Union Flag (also called the Union Jack) as its own, by proclamation of King James I.
For more, visit:
Leave a comment | tags: 1606, adopted, April 12, current, first, flag, Great Britain, King James I, proclamation, Union Flag, Union Jack | posted in James I, Today in History, Union Jack/Union Flag, United Kingdom
George VI Crowned King of the United Kingdom and the British Commonwealth
Though reigning as king since the 11th December 1936, King George VI was not officially crowned until this day in 1937. His reign lasted until his death on the 6 February 1952, when he was succeeded by the current queen, Elizabeth II.
George VI was crowned King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth. He became king following his brother’s (Edward VIII) abdication in 1936.
Leave a comment | tags: 11, 12, 1936, 1937, 1952, 6, abdication, became, British, brother, Commonwealth, crowned, current, death, December, dominions, Edward VIII, Elizabeth II, February, George VI, history, king, lasted, May, May 12, officially, queen, reign, reigning, succeeded, today, United Kingdom | posted in Edward VIII, Elizabeth II, George VI, Today in History, United Kingdom
William Bligh: Mutiny on the Bounty
William Bligh was born on the 9th September 1754 to Francis and Jane Bligh in St Tudy, Cornwall. He was signed up for a career in the Royal Navy when aged 7 in 1761.
In 1776, Bligh was with Captain James Cook as Sailing Master on the Resolution for Cook’s third and final voyage during which Cook was killed. Following this Bligh served on various ships and saw military action at a number of locations including Gibraltar in 1782.
In 1787 Bligh was made commander of the Bounty. On this day in 1789, the mutiny on the Bounty took place. The mutiny was led by Fletcher Christian, Master’s Mate. Bligh and a large number of the crew were provided with a ship’s launch and a small amount of provisions and Bligh made for Timor (from near Tonga). The journey was completed in 47 days and covered a remarkable distance of 6 700km.
It is thought that the mutiny took place in order to escape from the hardline discipline of Bligh and to escape to the island pleasures of Tahiti. Evidence would suggest that Bligh was far more easy going than other captains, though the future ‘mutiny’ in Sydney (see below) would suggest otherwise. Bligh was treated well in the court-martial and was acquitted.
From the Bounty, Bligh served in various roles, including Governor of New South Wales from the 13th August 1806 to the 26th January 1808. His post ended with the Rum Rebellion, which essentially was an on land mutiny by the New South Wales Corps under Major George Johnston. He succeeded Philip Gidley King and was replaced by Lachlan Macquarie.
Bligh’s rise through the ranks of the Royal Navy continued until he was appointed Vice Admiral of the Blue in 1814, though he never again received an active command. He died on the 7th December 1817.
As an interesting side point, the current premier of Queensland (Anna Bligh) is a descendant of William Bligh.
Leave a comment | tags: 13, 1754, 1761, 1782, 1787, 1789, 1806, 1808, 1814, 1817, 26 January, 28, 7, 9, acquitted, action, active, amount, Anna Bligh, appointed, April, April 28, August, Australia, born, Bounty, Captain, captains, career, command, commander, completed, continued, Cornwall, court-martial, covered, crew, current, December, descendant, died, discipline, distance, easy, ended, England, escape, evidence, final, Fletcher Christian, following, Francis Bligh, future, George Johnston, Gibraltar, going, Governor, hardline, history, including, interesting, island, James Cook, Jane Bligh, journey, killed, Lachlan Macquarie, land, launch, led, locations, made, major, Master's Mate, military, mutiny, near, New South Wales, New South Wales Corps, otherwise, Philip Gidley King, pleasures, point, post, premier, provided, provisions, Queensland, ranks, received, remarkable, replaced, Resolution, rise, roles, Royal Navy, Rum Rebellion, Sailing Master, saw, September, served, ships, side, signed, small, St Tudy, succeeded, suggest, Sydney, Tahiti, third, Timor, today, Tonga, treated, under, various, Vice Admiral of the Blue, voyage, well, William Bligh | posted in Anna Bligh, Fletcher Christian, Gibraltar, James Cook, Lachlan Macquarie, Major George Johnston, New South Wales, New South Wales Corp, Pacific Ocean, Philip Gidley King, Queensland, Royal Navy, Rum Rebellion, Sydney, Tahiti, Timor, Today in History, Tonga, William Bligh