On this day in 1522, John Jewel, the English Bishop of Salisbury was born. He studied at Oxford.
Jewel was known to the early English Reformers, including Thomas Cranmer and Nicholas Ridley who were both martyred for their faith. Though he signed Catholic articles of faith, he fled to Continental Europe.
Under Elizabeth I, Jewel returned to England, where he became involved in the Elizabethan reforms to the Church of England.
Australia: John Gorton, Former Prime Minister Died
On this day in 2002, John Gorton, the 19th Prime Minister of Australia died. Sir John Grey Gorton was born in Melbourne, Victoria, on the 9th September 1911 and died in Sydney, New South Wales. He was Prime Minister from the 10th January 1968 to the 10th March 1971.
Traditional Birth Date for William Shakespeare & Death of William Shakespeare
ABOVE: William Shakespeare
On or about this day in 1564, William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire, England. On this day in 1616, he died in the same town. Shakespeare is England’s (and probably the world’s) most famous poet and playwright.
On this day in 1884, English novelist Hugh Walpole was born in Auckland, New Zealand, before moving to England in his early years. During his life (which ended on the 1st June 1941) he wrote 36 novels, many short stories and two plays. He was a best-selling auther throughout the 1920s and 1930s.
On this day in 1855, Alexander II Nikolaevich, became the Tzar of Russia. Alexander II was born in Moscow on the 29th April 1818 and died (assassinated) in Saint Petersburg on the 13th March 1881. His reign was ended in a series of bomb blasts that assassinated the Tsar, an assassination that followed a number of failed attempts in previous years.
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