On this day in 1522, John Jewel, the English Bishop of Salisbury was born. He studied at Oxford.
Jewel was known to the early English Reformers, including Thomas Cranmer and Nicholas Ridley who were both martyred for their faith. Though he signed Catholic articles of faith, he fled to Continental Europe.
Under Elizabeth I, Jewel returned to England, where he became involved in the Elizabethan reforms to the Church of England.
On this day in 1864, the Dale Dyke Dam ruptured and Sheffield in England was hit by a flood that killed some 270 people. As the dam was being filled following its construction, the dam gave way and a massive volume of water swept down the Loxley Valley and smashed into several towns. Some 800 houses were also destroyed in the disaster.